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类似淘宝京东的商品放大镜magnifier

站长
2020-07-18  阅读 73

大致功能的思路:

1、有一个放原始图片的盒子

2、当鼠标移入这个盒子,在右侧创建一个相同大小的镜像盒子,镜像盒子里创建一个放大4倍的镜像图片,同时也在原始盒子里创建一个放大镜(若存在就display:block,若不存在就创建,镜像盒子同理)

3、当鼠标移动时,原始盒子里的放大镜跟随鼠标移动(类似拖拽功能),镜像盒子里的图片的top和left值是原始盒子里放大镜的top和left值的-4倍

4、当鼠标移出原始盒子时,隐藏镜像盒子和放大镜

<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" /> 
    <title>magnifier</title>
    <style>
        *{margin: 0px;padding: 0px;}
        .imgContent{
            width: 420px;
            height: 300px;

            position: relative;
            margin-left: 50px;
            margin-top: 50px;
        }
        .imgContent>img{
            width: 420px;
            height: 300px;
        }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <div class="imgcontent" id="imgContent1">
        <img src="https://timgsa.baidu.com/timg?image&quality=80&size=b9999_10000&sec=1488436622116&di=e3c2b2a5c847d6051d8daaec9a9a2131&imgtype=0&src=http%3A%2F%2F2a.zol-img.com.cn%2Fproduct%2F174_1200x900%2F888%2FceeY9tJ1QRFLk.jpg" alt="iphone7">
    </div>
</body>
<script>
    function Scaler(id){
        var me = this
        var originalDiv = document.querySelector("#"+id)
        var mirrorDiv = null
        var mirrorImg = null
        var scaler = null

        var real_left = originalDiv.offsetLeft
        var real_right = originalDiv.offsetWidth+originalDiv.offsetLeft
        var real_top = originalDiv.offsetTop
        var real_bottom = originalDiv.offsetHeight+originalDiv.offsetTop

        //创建镜像盒子
        this.createMirror = function(){
            var originalStyle = getComputedStyle(originalDiv)
            mirrorDiv = document.createElement("div")
            mirrorDiv.style.cssText = 'width:'+originalStyle.width+
                                      ';height:'+originalStyle.height+
                                      ';position:absolute;left:'+originalStyle.width+
                                      ';top:0px;margin-left:10px;overflow:hidden;';

            //创建镜像图片
            mirrorImg = document.createElement("img")
            mirrorImg.style.cssText = 'width:'+(originalDiv.offsetWidth*4)+
                                      'px;height:'+originalDiv.offsetHeight*4+'px;position:absolute;top:0px;left:0px;'
            mirrorImg.src = document.querySelector("#"+id+" img").src
            mirrorDiv.appendChild(mirrorImg)
            originalDiv.appendChild(mirrorDiv)
        }

        //创建放大镜
        this.createScaler = function(left,top){
            scaler = document.createElement("div")

            scaler.style.cssText = 'width:100px;height:100px;background-color:yellow;opacity:0.4;position:absolute;'
            scaler.style.top = top;
            scaler.style.left = left;

            originalDiv.appendChild(scaler)
        }

        //设置镜像图片位置
        this.setImgPosition = function(left,top){
            mirrorImg.style.left = '-'+left+'px'
            mirrorImg.style.top = '-'+top+'px'
        }


        //鼠标移入事件
        this.e_mouseover = function(){
            originalDiv.style.cursor = "move"
            if (!mirrorDiv) {
                me.createMirror()
            }else{
                mirrorDiv.style.display = "block"
            };
            if (!scaler) {
                me.createScaler(0,0)
            }else{
                scaler.style.display = "block"
            };
        }

        //鼠标移出事件
        this.e_mouseleave = function(){
            mirrorDiv.style.display = "none"
            scaler.style.display = "none"
        }

        //鼠标移动事件(关键代码)
        this.e_mousemove = function(e){

            // 判断鼠标是否移出原始盒子
            if (e.clientX > real_right || e.clientX < real_left || e.clientY > real_bottom || e.clientY < real_top ) {
                me.e_mouseleave()
                return false
            };

            // 鼠标到原始盒子顶部的距离
            var padTop = e.clientY-real_top
            // 鼠标到原始盒子左侧的距离
            var padLeft = e.clientX-real_left
            //放大镜跟随鼠标移动(-50是因为让鼠标在放大镜的中心)
            scaler.style.top = padTop-50;
            scaler.style.left = padLeft-50;

            //因为镜像图片放大了4倍,所以跟随移动的时候是4倍
            me.setImgPosition((padLeft-50)*4,(padTop-50)*4)
        }

        //注册事件监听
        originalDiv.onmouseover = this.e_mouseover
        originalDiv.onmouseleave = this.e_mouseleave
        originalDiv.onmousemove = function(e){
            me.e_mousemove(e)
        }

    }

    // 创建图片放大功能对象,参数为原始盒子id即可(放大镜大小,镜像图片放大倍数都可设为参数传递)
    new Scaler("imgContent1");
</script>
</html>复制代码
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